COMMON PATTERNS OF PUNCTUATION

(Independent clause = complete sentence)

 

 

1

Independent clause

.

Independent clause

 

 

 

 

2

Independent clause

;

Independent clause

 

 

 

 

Fanboys:for, and, nor, but, or, yet, or so

 
3

Independent clause

, and

Independent clause

 

 

 

 

4

Independent clause

; therefore

Independent clause

 

 

 

 

5

Dependent clause

,

Independent clause

 

Begins with: IfBecause or When orAlthough or Sinceand so forth

 

 

6

Independent clause

 

Dependent clause

 

, shivering with terror,

, who thinks Iím ugly,

,however,

 

Prepositions and so forth come in the middle (If, Because etc.)

 

7

Independent

 

clause

 

 

 

 

8

Unnecessary Punctuation

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

Use possessive apostrophes properly

Examples:

The shipís captain stood.

The ships are in port.

 

 

 

 

10.

Use apostrophes in conjunctions.

Examples:

Heís a good man.Isnít that correct?

11.

Use colons to lead into a list.

 

 

 


Examples Of Patterns Of Punctuation

 

1.      Teresa loved the concert.Spangle is her favorite band.

 

2.      Teresa went to the concert for free; she won the tickets in a lip-sync contest.

 

3.      The contest was held at school, and Teresaís friend won second place. 3.aTeresaís best friend is a trombone player and is quite good.

 

4.      Teresa canít play an instrument; however, she can lip-sync quite well.

 

5.      Because she can pretend to play, Teresa caught the judgeís attention.If she was a better player, the judge might pay more attention to her.

 

6.      The judge awarded Teresa first place because she seemed authentic.

 

7.      Teresa, thrilled with the bandís performance, loved the concert.Teresa, who thought the band was the best she had heard, bought a ticket for their next contest.Tom, however, was bored with the whole performance.

 

8.      Donít use punctuation where itís unnecessary (see the examples herein).

 

9.      Donít forget the apostrophe where necessary.The dogís master was weird.The dogs are not weird.

 

10.  Wasnít this a helpful list?Itís normal to use an apostrophe for ďit isĒ, but the possessive its (ďIts fleas were jumping everywhere.Ē) is the only case where a possessive apostrophe is avoided in a possessive.

 

11.  There are four kinds of dogs in our neighborhood:Loud ones, mean ones, big ones and ugly ones.